‘There is no evidence that any amount of homework improves the academic performance of elementary students’.
This statement by homework research guru Harris Cooper of Duke University is startling to hear no matter which side of the homework debate you’re on.
Can it be true that the hours of lost playtime power-struggles and tears are all for naught?
That millions of families go through a nightly ritual that doesn’t help?
Homework is such an accepted practice it’s hard for most adults to even question its value.
When you look at the facts however here’s what you find: Homework has benefits but its benefits are age dependent.
For elementary-aged children research suggests that studying in class gets superior learning results while extra schoolwork at home is just . . . extra work.
Even in middle school the relationship between homework and academic success is minimal at best.
By the time kids reach high school homework provides academic benefit but only in moderation.
More than two hours per night is the limit.
After that amount the benefits taper off.
‘The research is very clear’ agrees Etta Kralovec – education professor at the University of Arizona.
‘There’s no benefit at the elementary school level’.
Before going further let’s dispel the myth that these research results are due to a handful of poorly constructed studies.
In fact it’s the opposite.
Cooper compiled 120 studies in 1989 and another 60 studies in 2006.
This comprehensive analysis of multiple research studies found no evidence of academic benefit at the elementary level.
It did however find a negative impact on children’s attitudes toward school.
This is what’s worrying.
Homework does have an impact on young students but it’s not a good one.
(ed:..i have long argued/thought this:..the only homework that should be given to primary-age children is admonitions to read every night..(and for parents to enroll in and take their children to libraries..from a young age..a love of books/reading is one of the best things a parent can teach/give a child..)
..and instead of doing make-work homework primary-school age children can learn far more from spending those hours playing/interacting..
..basically..homework is bullshit..and largely given to appease over-anxious parents..
..and the sooner it is recognised as the anachronism it is..and then ditched..the better for all concerned..)